Research on safety concerning infant furniture

Design of cot

Since the furniture is meant for a wide age range from infants to adults, special consideration has to be taken into the design of the cot to ensure safety for babies. First and foremost, the design of the cot has to be such that there are no drop-sides. A drop-side is basically the gap between the mattress and the side railing. If the gap is too wide, there is a risk of the infant’s head getting trapped in the space which results in suffocation. Generally, the rule of thumb is to ensure the gap is no more than 2cm apart. As such, the buaian chair is designed to eliminate any gaps along the sides of the cot with a sturdier mattress/cushion base and a firm side railing. Additionally, the spacing between each railing is kept at 4cm apart to prevent the infant from either crawling out or getting his head stuck between the poles. This also adheres to the EU standard for cots of having poles no more than 6cm apart.

Material of cot

The base material of the cot should be made from environmentally-friendly material which produces less harmful chemicals. Conventional plywood is made of thin veneers of wood that are bonded together with formaldehyde resins.

The majority of hardwood plywood, used indoors for cabinetry and paneling, are composed of a core layer faced with higher quality woods using urea-formaldehyde (UF) glue. Softwood plywood is used for exterior and structural applications (walls, floors, roofs), and its adhesive consists of phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin. PF, a more expensive, water-resistant glue, off-gasses at a considerably slower rate than UF glues.

Particleboard, used primarily indoors for furniture and cabinets, is made from wood chips and other plant fibers bonded with formaldehyde-based resins. Fortunately, a new generation of products are created with little to no formaldehyde added. This gives consumers the option to replace plywood and particleboard cabinets and furniture throughout your house.

Choice of paint for cot

In addition, extra care should be placed on children’s furniture with regards to the use of paint, it should use lead-free non-toxic paints for children’s furniture without stimulation for MDF (medium density fiber) board, and we should check its formaldehyde emission level before we purchase them. According to EN71, all MDF used in children’s furniture must be at least E1(1.5mg/l) level.

Idea Refinement – Adjustable Height

I was asked to come out with the design of the stand, and I saw this very interesting shape shifting table that can transform from coffee table to dining table from INSIDER Design. So below is a video showing how it works.

_mg_7507-720x480-c _mg_7601-720x480-c top-black-white-720x480-cThis is a table for anyone with limited space who loves beautiful objects. I think what makes it so special is the material, that makes the whole furniture looks good and modern. Which reminds me of what I had came out with last time when I designing the height adjustable stand for my cradle.


So I went to reconstruct the shape of the stand, trying to achieve balance and stability. As I remember Fabrizio told me that never have a full line on the floor as a stand and triangle frame is the most stable structure for being as a leg stand as each legs has to have 2 connections and the insert of the structure must be very strong.



Idea refinement 3

The images below contain the different options I have produced with Rhino. The aim was to reduce the sharp edges as much as possible so that the shape could be kept at its simplest form.

Shape 1rhino3

Shape 2rhino1

Shape 3rhino2

Of the 3 shape, I personally prefer the 2nd best. The 2nd shape is not as rigid compared to the other 2 shapes and it gives a flow on its centre piece, allowing the furniture to give off a softer, smoother outlook as a whole.

Throughout this time, I have been trying to source for inspiration with regards to the material for my furniture. I managed to come across an interesting idea which was obtained from the Magis website that was recommended for reference by Fabrizio. There was an armchair which was made out of air-moulded polycarbonate with either wood or woven cane.


This intriguing chair subsequently gave me the idea of moulding or 3D printing the frame of the furniture with the basic shape before using rattan to weave the spaces in between, as seen from the picture above.

Keeping this in mind, I went on to conduct more extensive research on 3D printing joints as I had concerns over having a height-adjustable stand. Eventually I was able find examples of other furniture which had similar height-adjusting functionalities. They adjusted their height by allowing the furniture’s legs to be folded inwards and this gave rise to my idea of designing my furniture stand to be similar to this.


Elsewhere, I went to look at samples of all types of cradles for inspiration and I stumbled on a cradle that was also made of rattan. Looking at the cradle, I decided to use its base structure as a template for my design with modifications to better suit my furniture. In addition, I feel that bamboo would be a more suitable option as material for the stand.


Understand Ages & Stages

During my first presentation I was asked to research on what kids normally do in different age, as I am ponder over what kind of kids furniture I want to make and what kind of furniture for which range of age, here are some research that I found from online resource.

Ages 0-2


Intellectual Development

  • Children at this age learn by exploring with their hands and mouth. They bang, throw, drop, shake, and put items in their mouths.
  • Hiding things will get more difficult when your child starts to look for hidden objects. By 24 months, he can find things hidden under two or three other items.
  • Learning how to use everyday objects is an important development at this age. Kids learn how to use a spoon. They learn to drink from a cup. They learn to comb their hair.

Physical Development

  • Children will first learn to hold their head up. Little by little, they begin to roll and to sit (usually by six months).
  • Kids learn to creep, then crawl, pull themselves up, walk while holding onto furniture, stand, and then walk two or three steps without assistance (usually by 12 months).
  • At 24 months, children can begin to run, kick a ball, and walk up and down stairs (while holding onto someone’s hand).

Ages 3-5


Intellectual Development

  • Imaginary play is a notable milestone of this stage.
  • Children begin to name colors and begin to understand simple counting.
  • It’s important to stimulate your child’s intellectual development by reading aloud to him every day.
  • Kids gradually begin to understand the concept of time.

Physical Development

  • Hopping, climbing, swinging, and doing somersaults begin at this stage. By age 5, many kids can stand on one foot for at least 10 seconds.
  • Children can draw a person with up to four body parts by age 5. They draw circles and begin to learn how to copy a square and some capital letters. They learn how to use scissors.
  • Kids often become frustrated with wanting to do something physically and not being able to do it yet. Thus, they have lots of falls and mishaps.

Ages 6-9


Intellectual Development

  • Kids learn to read gradually. Children who are read to aloud and are encouraged to read tend to develop more quickly intellectually.
  • Your child will become more sophisticated in understanding the concept of time. They enjoy hearing about times past.
  • By age 6, most children can count to 100. By age 9, they are beginning to learn how to multiply.
  • Engaging the bodies as well as the minds of children this age will help them learn.

Physical Development

  • More physical abilities will develop. Many children can dribble a ball with one hand by age 6. Most learn how to ride a two-wheel bike. They become more skillful at skipping and catching and throwing a ball.
  • Kids this age like to move. Many become restless and wiggle if they sit for too long, which is why school can be difficult for some children at this age.
  • Your child may practice balancing a lot. They balance on curbs, chairs, and other high places. Monitor their balancing acts to make sure they’re safe.

Ages 10-14


Intellectual Development

  • Most kids enjoy the social aspects of learning. This works well when teachers encourage learning in small groups.
  • Around ages 11, 12, and 13, shifts occur in kids’ thinking. Keep them engaged in school and learning. Encourage their curiosity.
  • Many kids move from concrete to abstract thinking. Concrete thinkers focus on the here and now, such as a particular house cat. Abstract thinkers focus on issues that are are not associated with a specific instance. Thus, an abstract thinker can talk about domestic and wild cats, how they’re similar and different, and which ones they believe have more skills than others.

Physical Development

  • This is the age when kids need to start using deodorant and learning more personal hygiene. Some go overboard and spend hours in the bathroom. Others resist, refusing to bathe.
  • Puberty reigns at this age. Puberty, however, has several stages for both boys and girls, which is why you’ll see kids developing at different rates between the ages of 8 and 18.
  • With growth spurts come clumsiness and a lack of coordination. It isn’t easy for a person to grow six inches within a few months without his sense of balance being disrupted.
  • If your child is not athletic, help her find a sport or physical activity she enjoys. At this age, kids who don’t excel athletically are tempted to avoid all physical activity. Consider martial arts such as kung fu, judo, karate, or tae kwon do, which often appeal to this age group.


After this research I get to understand more about how kids reaction in different age range, now all I need is to come out with a plan of what furniture I am going to design to fit into the age range.


Products for children


I went to the library to look on books about kid’s furniture. And I found this book from the library, “Kids Design” by Dalian University of Technology Press. That talks about kid’s furniture and showing different category of furniture as I was lost of selecting which kind of furniture I want to make as the range are really wide.

Firstly I went to look at what kind of requirements are needed for designing a kids furniture….

Before the age of 11 to 14, children would come to the most important life stage during which they are experiencing the maturity of body and mind, the information of humanity quality and world values and the interactions of various problem. Within these few years, children usually make rapid progress like learning to run, to play, to speak, to observe, to please, and even to develop bad temper, while parents find it too fast to accept all the changes that happen to the little personalities and feel that they should have done better in their early education.

For parents, to meet the basic standard of raising kids is to provide the a healthy and safe growing environment. Thus, children’s product also on the safety issues concerning the shape, structure, material, weight and more importantly, how they are used. While most people care about the physical change, the designers are more considerate in offering children the best gift for the development of their inner world.

A cardinal principle of all the people who designing kids furniture is to concern the harmonious development of kid’s body and mind which means all information from outside world, through the children’s sense organ, would act on the development of their nerve and nerve system and thus leading to the maturity of the perception, cognition, consciousness and judgement; in return, the higher level faculties would accelerate the healthy formation of other physiological elements. Accordingly, we come to know that the development of a child doesn’t start from maturity of their body, and learning is also part of the development. But most parents fail to realize the striking capability of their kids’ learning and believe that they are too young to understand things. As a result, their judgement strangle the kids’ great wisdom and hamper their growing speed. An American child psychologist who once personally brought up ten children from different family circumstances for 17 years says that the key point of children raising is not how much you have taught them but how they are taught to avoid losing. In this sense, children are not students but teachers and they may turn every utensil into toy and every toy into a teaching tool. Therefore, all children’s products will, without exception, act on the sound development of children’s body and mind. In this sense, designers are specially expected to meet the great challenge and fulfill the parents requirement.

As the book says an excellent work is designed to cater to children’s age characteristic and not to satisfy the needs of children with large age span, eg: from 1 to 5 years old. Usually, the change of a new born baby is based on days, infant on months and kids on years or half a year, thus the product for younger children is characterized with short life circle, a feature must be considered in order to design practical pieces of work. So I think it will be good if I am able to come out with a product that can cater different age as I think is wasted if most of the kids furniture have such a short life span.

So based on the above mentioned factors, the children products are designed on the following principles as:

  • Safety: The material and the content of harmful substances comfirm to the standard; the edges and corners are well treated; the dimension is for proper age.
  • Right age: The size, material, color and function of the products are for right age.
  • Entertainment scene: To create proper mental environment and mood of game, appealing to the senses of sight, hearing and touch, in line with the cognitive ability.

So after reading the book, I come out with this mindmap about the directions that I can go to.


Products for Sleeping


Bed is the first household furniture for children since newborns sleep for up to 16 hours a day during the first few months and those of 2 or 3 years old will sleep 12 hours a day. That is to say, babies spent almost half a day sleeping which is helpful in developing a healthy mind.

Babies grow fast and their beds are expected to grow with them. But it is a challenge for designers to fulfill the expectation since there are some basic standards to have to be followed in producing bed. Therefore, it is hard to create a single bed that can enable use from new born up to 8 years old concerning the facts that children will experience dramatic physical change during these years.

And so, these are the requirements for designing a kids bed:

  • If ropes are used as guard rails, special attention should be paid to the gap between knots to protect the babies from stifling.
  • Avoid paint cracking and toxic substances (like lead, benzene, or formaldehyde) in coating the beds since babies are apt to bite when teething.
  • The swing frequency and angle of cradles or cribs are expected to correspond to those of pregnant mothers. The vibration of cribs should be managed to avoid the potential danger aroused by excessive shake: at best, it will result in the slow brain growth; at worst, an intracranial hemorrhage.
  • Check the stability of little beds regularly; keep the beds clean and the surface smooth; consider the playing mode and age when designing the upper and lower beds.
  • Offer babies the best sleeping environment since newborns spent most of their time sleeping, a protective inhibition adapting to the outside stimulus.

Products for Eating

Sweet toddler girl playing with fork and spoon eating spaghetti

Children of different ages may acquire new understanding towards the same tableware like nursing bottle, cup, plates, bowl, hands, spoon, chopsticks, dining table and stool, so in most cases, these dinnerware could be applied as teaching tools to train children. For example, an infant is usually complete ignorant of the shape or function of a spoon when he or she even cannot eat with hands, so they can only imitate adults while failing to differentiate between spoon and chopsticks. But little by little, children learn to understand and use spoon through repeated trying and training. As clothes, food, shelter and travel are basic elements for life, it is important for children to be actively engaged in family life as early as possible so as to learn to shoulder social responsibilities.

Products for Gaming


Toys are the media of children’s games. Children can turn nearly anything into a toy if they want. They can make a car by putting a bench upside-down; they can link several benches together to make a train; they can turn a pillow into a doll and turn a table into a house… Children’s creativity is always beyond imagination and they can easily connect two seemingly different things together, which shows their ability to view the world as a whole. Recognizing the connection between things is what we count for truly recognizing the world or what we call “acknowledge”. Rather than concerning the individual point, they are more curious about the underlying mechanism of a question and ask “Why it’s going this way?”. Such questions stand for the reasons or mechanics behind the phenomenon ans the links of different elements. Every question like this related to their personal experiences will stir the next questions, which is the essence of children’s life, life with curiosity, in another word, passion and creativity. Questions from children may cover various fields whether they are useful or not. And it is such an endless curiosity that brings them into maturity in an easy ad progressive way.

If you are choosing toys for your children, you do not need to take their age into consideration and make your decision based on the function of toys. For example, all training of behavior, vision, audio, attention, cognition… is not only built from the separate knowledge point, but also from the natural process of growing and cultivation of good habits.

The design of intelligent toys focuses on generating curiosity rather than teaching knowledge in the primary school to children in advance. All in all, the game appliance must pay attention to children’s physical and mental health as well as developing their skills. It should teach them and make them understand the behavioral rules like when to be a leaser and when to be a follower, when to be concentrated and when to be at ease, what cooperation is and what communication means…

Products for Storing


The storage equipments for children are designed to cultivate the ability of dealing with their business and thus featured with being interesting, legible, simple, and safe. Besides this, other elements as the combination mode, stability, shape, color, height, material, position, category and function are also needed to taken into serious consideration. Generally speaking, younger children are pleased to use simple storage appliances like shoes rack, clothes rack, trash can and toy box, while the older ones are happy with wardrobe and bookshelf… to take care of their own articles for daily use. All children products are expected to be interesting, playful and attractive, supported by stories, personification, exaggeration, dreams, or cartoons

Products for Decorating


Environment factors in this category refer to visual factors. Living environment can easily affect the children’s mood and thus children of different ages ought to be exposed to various environment. For instance, bright and vibrant colors do not suit newborns in that they need quiet and mild atmosphere for sound sleep. But to the older ones who love to listen to stories, it is wise to change the environment in response to the story plots. At the same time, children had better participate in home decoration to know what they want and what they can create.

Products for Nursing


The products for child nursing are actually the extension of adult’s limb function. This category illustrates the designing of stroller while requires special attention to the way of baby’s sitting, safety, comfort, sleeping and playing. In addition, the strollers are expected to be easy to carry, to push, to store, and to offer parents a better view. Accordingly, the function, size, material, color, structure, way of folding and sitting, weight, speed of pushing and style of the strollers must be designed in accordance with the age of the baby concerned.

I feel that is it important for me to find out the requirements for designing kids furniture. So next step I’m gonna select the categories that I want to focus on from the mindmap. And at the same time read up more books about designing furniture for kids.

Material Research: Rattan

Rattan is a naturally renewable palm that grows in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australasia, and is used for furniture, handicrafts, and building material among others. Rattan continues to be an invaluable part of rural people’s livelihoods in South and Southeast Asia.

Rattan products

Because it is light, durable and relatively flexible, rattan is used for a range of purposes:

  • Food: The inner core as well as the shoot of some of the rattan species is edible.
  • Furniture: Furniture is the main end product of rattan.
  • Shelter: Rattan is an approved material for house building in rural areas.
  • Handicraft: Basket,mat, rope, net. Provides the main income of the rattan industry.

The skin of rattan strands is peeled off and used for weaving, while the “core” of the rattan can be used for various purposes in furniture making (wicker).


History Of Rattan In Furniture Design

Rattan vines can grow as long as 500 ft and 1-2 inches in diameter. When rattan is harvested, it is cut into 13-foot lengths and the dry sheathing is removed. Its stems are dried in the sun and then stored for seasoning. Then, these long rattan poles are straightened, graded by diameter and quality. The quality is judged by its inter-nodes – the fewer inter-nodes, the better.

The age of colonization introduced the West to rattan furniture. Wicker, a process of weaving rattan, gained popularity in the Victorian Era. Rattan was seen as the symbol of tropical island living. People recreated the idyllic lifestyle in grand houses and saloons using exotic rattan furniture. 


To this date, nothing evokes relaxed living the way rattan furniture does. Rattan furniture designs are produced in astounding variety. Artists and designers continue to experiment with this humble material.

Solihiya Rattan And Its Modern Reinterpretation

One particular rattan weaving method proliferates in recent Southeast Asian history. Known as solihiya in the Philippines, it gained popularity during the 19th century Spanish colonial era. Solihiya is essentially thin strands of rattan woven into sunburst patterns. When used as the backrest and seat of chairs and lounges, it lets air through, providing comfortable rest in the tropical heat. Which I think it will be suitable for us who live in Singapore, it will be good if the furniture can help reducing heat when we are sitting on the furniture.

Filipino designer Ito Kish took this inspiration into his line of furniture and created the Basilisa collection.


The Basilisa Collection showcases the solihiya, an intricate weave that is both functional and decorative. Functional because it strengthens and supports the object on which it is used; decorative because of the beauty inherent in the weave itself, and the exquisite play of light and shadow it produces.


Adding to the impact of the pieces is that different solihiya weave patterns were used, all culled from different parts of the Philippine archipelago. This adds a subtle layer to the play of light, the chiaroscuro, that sets Basilisa apart, and which naturally gave birth to the lamps ranging from fun to elegant that form an important part of the collection.


Benefits of sustainable rattan

  • Helps to protect forests from degradation
  • By providing a source of income to rural people, it allows them to become stewards and guards of their forests and biodiversity
  • Provides habitat for endangered and threatened species
  • Ensures a long-term supply of a useful material

Sustainable rattan isn’t just about making sure there is a long term supply of this material into the future. It is also a way to safeguard the ecosystem processes, species and human livelihoods that are tightly interlinked with the existence of this plant. This is why it is necessary to progress towards more sustainable production and processing practices.

Here Are some Rattan furniture that I found online, to see what kind of shapes can rattan be form.

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Due to the flexibility of the material,rattan allows for it to be woven and shaped around frames of varying shapes and sizes. It creates a very strong weave that does not easily tear or unravel, especially when properly treated and coated. I realized that rattan has a lot of benefits that I can take in consideration for my kids furniture. One of the benefits is that rattan is lightweight and therefore easy to handle, unlike wood, the lightweight pieces do not topple heavily on children.Rattan is durable and waterproof, When properly coated with a protective finish, rattan furniture should last for years without visible damage to the weave or to its metal frame. Rattan is economical and cost effective as well. It is much cheaper than wood and lasts almost just as long.

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Research on Campeggi

I was asked to research on this Italy furniture company Campeggi, a furniture company that was famous in transformable furniture but mainly were transformable sofas. One of the furniture from my previous research is from Campeggi as well. So here are the furniture that I am interested in.


Lieve is a table that has a chair hidden in beneath. It was designed by Giulio Manzoni. This piece of furniture intrigues me in the way it conceals the chair, making it a plausible idea for me to develop on. Using my project as context, I can adopt the idea by possibly incorporating a baby changing table that folds into a normal sitting chair.

  03_Lieve_Campeggi04_Lieve_Campeggi  06_Lieve_Campeggi_007_Lieve_Campeggi




Foresta is a sofa bed that can change in extraordinary way, designed by Sakura Adachi . The coating is fixed into a triangular structure which actually functions as a sofa. You can sink yourself onto the elastic fabric which holds your body perfectly. Opening the zip, a bed with a LED light appears. You can close yourself inside by zipping back the fabric to achieve a cozy, sheltered space. Foresta can be uncovered and dismantled like a typical tent for easy transportation.


The shape of this furniture is interesting especially for kids as they can perceive this as their “secret hideout” where they chill, play games or even sleep. While the idea is refreshing, I do not feel it is very feasible as it lacks a transformation element. Furthermore, the comfort of the “hideout” may be compromised due to its rigid structure.


Gilbert & George

Gilbert & George is designed by Denis Santachiara. A big pouf composed of two elements perfectly fitting together, drawing a line that suggests different uses.  If necessary, the ottoman turns into a couple of independent seats or even rocking chairs. Not identical but symmetrical, just like two artists who work together as a collaborative duo Gilbert & George.


This furniture is exceptionally eye-catching due to its modular structure. It allows for easy rearrangement into the desired configuration for the user, while still maintaining a degree of style. This is especially suitable in Singapore homes where space is one of the biggest constraints.


Lazy Basketball

Lazy Basketball is a metal structure chair with back made of synthetic net. It has a simple and winding shape which ends with a real bang: a funny colorful basket. Designed by Emanuele Magini.


The piece of furniture incorporates the element of sports into its design. With the hoop attached to the back frame of the chair, it allows for children to play basketball. However, this could be dangerous as children tent to get carried away playing, without realizing if anyone is sitting on the chair or not. Nevertheless, this furniture gives me an insight on how to tap into the sports element, by allowing a transformation from an everyday-furniture into a simple sports equipment.



A simple armchair that reminds a fantastic creature, designed by Denis Santachiara. Between its claws it squeezes a pouf which, at the right moment, can be released to be used as a footstool or  the pouf opens up revealing an emergency airbed for a never ending hospitality.


The shape of this furniture is pretty fascinating as one would never expect to have a infatable airbed hiding inside the circular piece. The airbed is accompanies by a silent hand pump as well as an electric inflator which i find extremely useful. On the whole, the choice of colors and the unconventional shapes make it perfect for children. One thing to note however, is that the main piece of chair becomes unstable after the circular piece is taken out and this could pose potential dangers.



Training equipment has a rather cold and technological design. Giovanni Levanti has gone in the opposite and unusual direction and has come up with a domestic and personal surface where we can do our training and stretching exercises. Sneaker (2006) is a jumping matwith an inflatable end to sustain your back when doing your stretching exercises. An upholstered furnishing which will involve all your senses thanks to its bright colors and to the nice texture of the cover.


Trampoline with inflatable gym ball for interiors. The padding is in foamed polyurethane and polyester fibre and it is provided with a removable cover in a two-tone three-dimensional polyester.

I think Sneaker is very much suited to be a kids furniture due to its vibrant colors and interesting shapes. While this is not a transformable furniture, its idea of combining a trampoline with an inflatable ball is a potential idea I can ponder on.


Chit Chat

Chit Chat is a low table composed by a set of 4 elements which can be used separately both as independent coffee tables or even as stools. Chit Chatis a flexible and versatile product which complies with everyday life necessity by adapting itself on the basis of the number of our guests.


The structure of chit chat which assemble multiple chairs into a square table is interesting and very useful. Looking at the chairs alone, one would not expect them to be able to come together as a table. It has holes underneath the chairs which makes for smart storage of items like books and magazines. This again, is extremely useful in an average Singaporean home as space is of the essence.



An unexpected but very linear sitting, playing with the traditional city bench iconography putting it together with the most powerful symbol of relax, a tropical hammock. This relaxing gesture gives an even more dynamic, pleasant and comfortable mood to Emanuele Magini’s (2011) project.

A tropical hammock within a city bench, comfortable and unconventional. Green, white or light blue epoxy varnished metal structure, white nylon sprung base.


Fiesta reminds me of the kids furniture piece, GRO^ (from my previous research) with the utilization of a hammock. So besides putting sports element into a furniture, a hammock bench or a swing element will be fun too if to be added in to the furniture piece. This furniture reminds me of the typical baby bouncer(with net) that we use, that maybe the product can start with a baby bouncer and later be switched into a mini swing for kids. And then it can be an ordinary hammock bench.

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Baby bouncer with net.


Inspiration – Transformable Objects

During my research on transformable object I realized that there are different ways to change thing on how it can be use:

  • By folding
  • Twist & turn
  • Modular pieces for you to play around
  • Unpack and reform into another different object
  • Make use of the shape
  • Expansion

Folding- EXOCET

This is Exocet, a new concept chair by Montreal-based designer Stephane Leathead. A chair that can be used in a variety of positions. The key to the versatility is the identical slats on the rotating cylinder, allowing the user to change the chair’s shape easily when the moment strikes.




Folding – SeesawSEAT

Beside normal furniture, kids furniture was also one of the common things that I found while searching for transformable object. This is seesawSEAT bench by Dirk Ploos van Amstel. The bench is creatively deigned that not only to be a seesaw but also can easily be transformed into a space-saving outdoor bench that is perfect for relaxing in with a glass of wine at the close of a summer’s day. But this is still a prototype.


The bench folds in the middle, by folding over one side the feet are joined in the “new” middle to create the pivot. Handles for both extremities are folded into the bench surface and can be pulled out to seesaw.


It’s a SEESAWseat and when transformed into a bench, it becomes a seesawSEAT. Even the name is transformablecool. I still feel that this furniture is the unpack and reform kind of transformable furniture although i put it under the folding category as the description mention it “folds” into another object.



Twist & Turn – Blandito

Blandito is a transformable furniture pad for lazy living, designed by Oradaria Design. The name sounds like KFC’s “Bandito” to me tongue-out. Anyway, this pillow could be folded, wrapped, twisted, you can turn Blandito into a cozy bed, sofa, a chair or a toy for kids. And it is 360° useful. The fuzzy mattress features a flexible frame, so there’s absolutely nothing in it that can cause discomfort. The cover can be taken off and is machine washable. This is a very interesting piece, and I am very impress by what it can be transform into as I would never imagine a simple round pad can be make into so many shapes and being use in many ways.




Modular pieces – Moon

The Moon chaise longue, designed by LINA a Slovenian brand. The Moon element is composed of two separate parts that fit together tightly forming a block. Moon can be transformed into an easy-chair simply by shifting the upper part in the position of a backrest. You can also combine two or more Moon elements and form different compositions, such as a sofa, a combination of a table with one or more sitting elements, or a combination of four functioning as a bed. Arranging and re-arranging is quick and easy. The Moon elements are upholstered with a removable and washable fabric and can be kept clean even if children are using them as swings.




Unpack and reform – Sosia Sofa

This is what I meant of unpacking and reform into another different object. Found this interesting furniture from a furniture web store, Emanuele Magini’s nutty “Sosia” sofa, produced by Campeggi. It is a bit of a sofa, a bit of armchair a bit of a bed, a bit of a zen place. It is a kind of multifaceted concept that the piece can transform into two armchairs, combine into 1 sofa bed and transform into a private intimate relax place. A modern sofa bed which transforms easily ad let you save space in your room. Design plays with metamorphosis to unite, separate blend and surprise. It is made of expanded polyurethane foam and covering in lycra fabric.


The shape of this furniture interests me the most as when the cloth is covered up it looks like the baby crib from Leander. It gives me the thought that as a baby crib, the material is not restricted to wood only and with flexible material, it can be easily transformable.



Make use of the shape – GRO^

This is a simple kids furniture designed by Christian Troels and Michael Knap. It made of U-shaped veneers that can be used as different type of furniture based on your kids’ age. It can be transformed into a crib, rocking horse and balance board. This is very similar to my concept, furniture that can grow with the kid. But the maximum age is until 6 years old which I think there can still be more possibilities in using it longer as the piece is very unique.


0 -10 months

GRO^ is not just a piece of furniture, but more a frame that is following the child in the early years of its life. The first step is the crib to the newborns. It is hung on the frame, and allows the opportunity to rock the baby in two axes.


2 – 4 years.

When the child is around 2 years old, you can put up a seat in the frame. This makes a simple rocking horse, that have a very aesthetics graphic.


3 – 6 years.

The third option you have is to buckle a balance board in the bottom of the frame. This gives a little more challenge and fun for the older children.


Link: transformable-kids-grow-gro.html


Make use of the shape – YiAhn

YiAhn (pronounced “e-ahn”) is not just ordinary bassinet. It can adapt to keep pace the changing needs of a growing child. Designed by Kang Chul Min, as a gift for his new born, this bassinet was designed to meet the needs of each growth phase of the baby. When the baby outgrows the bassinet, YiAhn can be reused as entirely different products after a simple process of transformation.


Due to the fast growth of the baby, a bassinet itself can only be used only for three months. However, this bassinet can be reused as storage equipment (for example, as a toy bin and a mini bookshelf with drawers) once the first need (bassinet) is outgrown. As the toddler becomes a child, it can also be converted into a chair and table set for children. It is very easy to change the shape of the furniture; simple folding, with no use of tools, allows the piece of furniture to transform into new products.




Expansion – Fan table

This is an unique transformable table designed by Mauricio Affonso, inspired by a hand fan. It made of over 400 birch slats and can be transformed into an array of different shapes and sizes so you can use it in many situations. You can expand it or transform it into circular table. The table’s adaptability gives users — especially those who live in small spaces, for example — the ability to modify the table to fit a particular occasion.






Inspiration – Baby Crib

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One of the furniture that inspires me the most is the baby crib. Especially in western country, baby crib has timeless designs, neutral colours that can be accessories time and again when you want to change your ‘look’. It it environmentally friendly, instead of crib being replaced, they simply convert to suit the age of your child. Baby crib probably is one of the single biggest purchases when baby is on the way, which is a nursery furniture. After spending so much money on a crib it is quite wasted that when the child is approximately 12 months old, they will outgrow it. At best, the crib will last until a child is four (if it also converts to a Toddler bed).It’s at this age four that most parents ditch the junior bed and have to fork out again for a full-size single.

One of the most famous one is from Leander furniture, the company create stunning children’s furniture. Designed by Stig Leander of Denmark.

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The most amazing thing about this furniture line is its functionality. Each piece grows with your child, and converts to varying sizes to accommodate their ever growing bodies. This high chair has so many variations that it will stay with your child from baby years through teenage years.

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I feel that their changing table is also very practical. Children don’t stay in diapers forever, so when you got over the days of changing diapers, you can turn it  into a desk. It is a good transitions into something a child will continue to use, or to be passed on to the parent. Which I think is very useful and the furniture may bring back memories during the diaper days when parents are using the desk.

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Baby crib and other nursery furniture will be the first thing I want to explore, of what kind of furniture it can be transform into. But ending the product into a bed is not what I would want my product to be. I am still thinking of something fun, something that maybe it can be a playing furniture during  child age, transforming into a useful furniture during adult age, and a companion furniture during the old age. Instead of making a furniture that is useful for different growing stage, I am more interested in giving different meaning along the stages.